Antique Silver George III Hourglass Pattern Cutlery / Flatware Service made in 1806-15
A fine and rare George III silver king's hourglass pattern flatware service made between 1806 and 1814-15 in London.
|Date||1806 - 1815|
|Made By||Jonathan Hayne, Richard Crossley, Thomas Wallis|
A fine and rare George III silver king’s hourglass pattern flatware service made between 1806 and 1814-15 in London.
All the spoons – including the basting spoons and sauce ladles – are made by Richard Crossley in 1806 and all the forks are made in 1814-15 by the partnership of Thomas Wallis and Jonathan Hayne.
All the prices bear an attractive original family crest and the whole set is in wonderful condition.
The set comprises:
12 table spoons
12 table forks
12 dessert spoons
12 dessert forks
2 large basting spoons
2 sauce ladles
12 table knives
12 dessert knives
The knives are specially made and modern to match with stainless steel blades.
Complete patterned services of the George III period are very unusual and this is in particularly fine condition with the rare union shell heel.
Hourglass is a Regency pattern originating from French 18th century flatware. It has been produced steadily from the early 19th century to the present day. Occasionally, 18th century English and Scottish examples may be found.
It is distinguished from King’s and Queen’s by the hourglass-like device about one third of the way down the item.
There are three variants to be found:
Standard with diamond heel (common)
Union shell (scarce)
Thread heel (rare)
Many services – both straight and mixed – exist, with the diamond heel Hourglass one of the best patterns for building a service.
Hourglass pattern is often confused with King’s pattern.
Jonathan Hayne (1810 – 1848) was born in Clerkenwell, London, son of a surgeon. He apprenticed as a silversmith and started his career in 1810, entering his mark in partnership with Thomas Wallis, at 16 Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell. Six years later, Wallis and Hayne dissolved their partnership. In 1821, Jonathan entered his own first mark.
In 1833, Hayne increased his popularity, patenting a method of manufacturing silver spoons and cutlery in a single blow thanks to a heavy hammer. This method was illustrated in 1839 in “A Dictionary of Arts, Manufactures, and Mines” by Andrew Ure.
In 1836, Jonathan Hayne’s son, Samuel, went into partnership with Dudley Frank Cater and they entered their mark as Hayne & Cater. Samuel assumed the full control of the company after his father’s death in 1848 and continued trading until 1865, when he declared bankruptcy.
Richard Crossley was arguably one of the most important manufacturers of flatware in the late 18th and early 19th century. Unfortunately, very little is known about him.
He says: “I desire that my body may be buried at Wooburn in the County of Bucks near to the remains of my first wife and daughter, and that my funeral be organised in such manner as my trustees and executors hereinafter appointed shall think proper”. The inscription on his tomb says: “Sacred to the memory of Richard Crossley of Paradise House Islington, in the county of Middlesex, and formerly of London, Goldsmith.”
Information from the Buckinghamshire Record Office provided the following from a full transcript made of the tombs in Woburn Church Yard in the first half of the 19th century: “Richard Crossley Esq late of paradise House Islington in the parish of Middlesex and formerly of London Goldsmith, the third son of John Crossley of Hilton in the County of Derby who by Persevering Industry with the Strictest Integrity realised considerable Property which he bequeathed amongst his collateral relations and departed this life a Widower without leaving any Issue Surviving him on the 29th day of April 1815, aged 75 years.”
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The charges are subject to change
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